Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor

(1503–1564)
   Born in Spain, Archduke Ferdinand I was the offspring of the Spanish–Austrian marriage arranged in 1495 by his grandfather, Emperor Maximilian I. His father was Maximilian’s son, Prince Philip (1478–1506), his mother Princess Juana (1479–1555), a daughter of Ferdinand of Aragon and Isabella of Castile. His elder brother, Charles V (1500–1558), who became king of Spain in 1516 and Holy Roman Emperor three years later, effectively ceded him the central European patrimony of their house in agreements concluded in 1521 and 1522.
   Married to Princess Anna (1503–1547), a daughter of the king of Hungary and Bohemia, Ferdinand was the founder of the Habsburg Empire in central and east central Europe. When his brother-in-law, King Louis, died fleeing the battlefield at Mohács in Hungary against the forces of the Ottoman Empire in 1526, Ferdinand persuaded the estates of both kingdoms to elect him as their ruler, though both the Ottoman sultan and native claimants kept him from gaining complete control of Hungary. A mediocre military leader, he would never recapture that realm from the Turks. He did, however, nudge the kingdom of Bohemia somewhat closer to hereditary, rather than elective, monarchy. Nor, as the Protestant Reformation spread from the German territories to his lands, was Ferdinand able to bring them back to Catholic orthodoxy, a goal to which he and the majority of his successors would unwaveringly aspire.
   But Ferdinand had great strengths as well. Imaginative and energetic, he developed an administrative framework for the new empire that endured well into the 18th century. The core of the structure was made up of a central treasury, court council, privy council, and somewhat later, a corresponding body for military affairs. A common chancellery conducted the written business of all these offices. The system functioned much less effectively in practice than on paper— Bohemia and Hungary both resisted cooperating with it—but it was widely imitated or adapted in many other German territories. A gifted negotiator who stood in for his brother in Germany ever more frequently over the years, Ferdinand was the architect of the 1555 Peace of Augsburg, which established some measure of confessional peace between Lutherans and Catholics in the second half of the 16th century. Emperor in his own name after 1558, he was also instrumental in keeping the cause of Catholic reform alive during the last session of the Council of Trent, which met from 1562 to 1563.

Historical dictionary of Austria. . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor — (July 9, 1578 ndash; February 15, 1637), of the House of Habsburg, reigned as Ferdinand II, Archduke of Inner Austria (normally called Ferdinand II of Germany when referred to as Archduke) and Holy Roman Emperor from 1619 1637. He was also the… …   Wikipedia

  • Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor — {| align=right Infobox German Royalty|Monarch name =Ferdinand III title = Holy Roman Emperor; King of Hungary, Croatia, and Bohemia; Archduke of Austria |center|150px caption = coronation = full name = succession = Holy Roman Emperor; Archduke of …   Wikipedia

  • Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor — (1578–1637)    Ferdinand II was born in the Styrian capital of Graz, the son of Ferdinand I’s youngest son, Archduke Charles (1540–1590), and his wife, Marie of Bavaria (1551–1608). Charles had been given the so called Inner Austrian lands,… …   Historical dictionary of Austria

  • Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor — …   Wikipedia

  • Holy Roman Emperor — Infobox Former Emperorship realm = the Holy Roman Empire insignia = Banner of the Holy Roman Emperor (after 1400).svg insigniasize = 120px insigniacaption = Flag of the Holy Roman Empire caption = Otto I the first Emperor first emperor = Otto I… …   Wikipedia

  • Holy Roman Emperor — noun sovereign of the Holy Roman Empire • Hypernyms: ↑emperor • Instance Hyponyms: ↑Charlemagne, ↑Carolus, ↑Charles, ↑Charles I, ↑Charles the Great, ↑Charles II, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor — Charles V Holy Roman Emperor; King of the Romans; King of Italy Reign 28 June 1519 – 27 August 1556[1] …   Wikipedia

  • Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor — Maximilian II King of Bohemia Reign 20 September 1562 – 12 October 1576 Coronation 20 September 1562, Prague Predecess …   Wikipedia

  • Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor — Charles VI Charles VI in the regalia of the Order of the Golden Fleece Holy Roman Emperor; King of the Romans (King of Germany) Reign …   Wikipedia

  • Charles VII, Holy Roman Emperor — Charles VII Holy Roman Emperor; King of the Romans (King of Germany) Reign 24 January 1742 – 20 January 1745 ( 100000000000 …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.